from small one page howto to huge articles all in one place

search text in:

What does your sytem tell when running "ulimit -u"?

poll results

Last additions:
using iotop to find disk usage hogs

using iotop to find disk usage hogs






average rating: 1.7 (102 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)

May 25th. 2007:




why adblockers are bad

Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels

Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels






average rating: 1.4 (42 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)

April, 26th. 2006:

You are here: manpages


Section: Git Manual (1)
Updated: 11/29/2016
Index Return to Main Contents


git-gc - Cleanup unnecessary files and optimize the local repository  


git gc [--aggressive] [--auto] [--quiet] [--prune=<date> | --no-prune] [--force]



Runs a number of housekeeping tasks within the current repository, such as compressing file revisions (to reduce disk space and increase performance) and removing unreachable objects which may have been created from prior invocations of git add.

Users are encouraged to run this task on a regular basis within each repository to maintain good disk space utilization and good operating performance.

Some git commands may automatically run git gc; see the --auto flag below for details. If you know what youcqre doing and all you want is to disable this behavior permanently without further considerations, just do:

$ git config --global 0




Usually git gc runs very quickly while providing good disk space utilization and performance. This option will cause git gc to more aggressively optimize the repository at the expense of taking much more time. The effects of this optimization are persistent, so this option only needs to be used occasionally; every few hundred changesets or so.


With this option, git gc checks whether any housekeeping is required; if not, it exits without performing any work. Some git commands run git gc --auto after performing operations that could create many loose objects.

Housekeeping is required if there are too many loose objects or too many packs in the repository. If the number of loose objects exceeds the value of the configuration variable, then all loose objects are combined into a single pack using git repack -d -l. Setting the value of to 0 disables automatic packing of loose objects.

If the number of packs exceeds the value of gc.autoPackLimit, then existing packs (except those marked with a .keep file) are consolidated into a single pack by using the -A option of git repack. Setting gc.autoPackLimit to 0 disables automatic consolidation of packs.


Prune loose objects older than date (default is 2 weeks ago, overridable by the config variable gc.pruneExpire). --prune=all prunes loose objects regardless of their age (do not use --prune=all unless you know exactly what you are doing. Unless the repository is quiescent, you will lose newly created objects that havencqt been anchored with the refs and end up corrupting your repository). --prune is on by default.


Do not prune any loose objects.


Suppress all progress reports.


Force git gc to run even if there may be another git gc instance running on this repository.


The optional configuration variable gc.reflogExpire can be set to indicate how long historical entries within each branchcqs reflog should remain available in this repository. The setting is expressed as a length of time, for example 90 days or 3 months. It defaults to 90 days.

The optional configuration variable gc.reflogExpireUnreachable can be set to indicate how long historical reflog entries which are not part of the current branch should remain available in this repository. These types of entries are generally created as a result of using git commit --amend or git rebase and are the commits prior to the amend or rebase occurring. Since these changes are not part of the current project most users will want to expire them sooner. This option defaults to 30 days.

The above two configuration variables can be given to a pattern. For example, this sets non-default expiry values only to remote-tracking branches:

[gc "refs/remotes/*"]
        reflogExpire = never
        reflogExpireUnreachable = 3 days

The optional configuration variable gc.rerereResolved indicates how long records of conflicted merge you resolved earlier are kept. This defaults to 60 days.

The optional configuration variable gc.rerereUnresolved indicates how long records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are kept. This defaults to 15 days.

The optional configuration variable gc.packRefs determines if git gc runs git pack-refs. This can be set to "notbare" to enable it within all non-bare repos or it can be set to a boolean value. This defaults to true.

The optional configuration variable oqgc.aggressiveWindow` controls how much time is spent optimizing the delta compression of the objects in the repository when the --aggressive option is specified. The larger the value, the more time is spent optimizing the delta compression. See the documentation for the --windowcq option in git-repack(1) for more details. This defaults to 250.

Similarly, the optional configuration variable gc.aggressiveDepth controls --depth option in git-repack(1). This defaults to 250.

The optional configuration variable gc.pruneExpire controls how old the unreferenced loose objects have to be before they are pruned. The default is "2 weeks ago".  


git gc tries very hard to be safe about the garbage it collects. In particular, it will keep not only objects referenced by your current set of branches and tags, but also objects referenced by the index, remote-tracking branches, refs saved by git filter-branch in refs/original/, or reflogs (which may reference commits in branches that were later amended or rewound).

If you are expecting some objects to be collected and they arencqt, check all of those locations and decide whether it makes sense in your case to remove those references.  


The git gc --auto command will run the pre-auto-gc hook. See githooks(5) for more information.  


git-prune(1) git-reflog(1) git-repack(1) git-rerere(1)  


Part of the git(1) suite




Support us on Content Nation
rdf newsfeed | rss newsfeed | Atom newsfeed
- Powered by LeopardCMS - Running on Gentoo -
Copyright 2004-2020 Sascha Nitsch Unternehmensberatung GmbH
Valid XHTML1.1 : Valid CSS : buttonmaker
- Level Triple-A Conformance to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 -
- Copyright and legal notices -
Time to create this page: 12.1 ms