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SETSOCKOPT

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (3P)
Updated: 2013
Index Return to Main Contents
 

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

 

NAME

setsockopt --- set the socket options  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/socket.h>
int setsockopt(int socket, int level, int option_name,
    const void *option_value, socklen_t option_len);
 

DESCRIPTION

The setsockopt() function shall set the option specified by the option_name argument, at the protocol level specified by the level argument, to the value pointed to by the option_value argument for the socket associated with the file descriptor specified by the socket argument. The level argument specifies the protocol level at which the option resides. To set options at the socket level, specify the level argument as SOL_SOCKET. To set options at other levels, supply the appropriate level identifier for the protocol controlling the option. For example, to indicate that an option is interpreted by the TCP (Transport Control Protocol), set level to IPPROTO_TCP as defined in the <netinet/in.h> header. The option_name argument specifies a single option to set. It can be one of the socket-level options defined in <sys_socket.h> and described in Section 2.10.16, Use of Options. If option_name is equal to SO_RCVTIMEO or SO_SNDTIMEO and the implementation supports setting the option, it is unspecified whether the struct timeval pointed to by option_value is stored as provided by this function or is rounded up to align with the resolution of the clock being used. If setsockopt() is called with option_name equal to SO_ACCEPTCONN, SO_ERROR, or SO_TYPE, the behavior is unspecified.  

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, setsockopt() shall return 0. Otherwise, -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

The setsockopt() function shall fail if:
EBADF
The socket argument is not a valid file descriptor.
EDOM
The send and receive timeout values are too big to fit into the timeout fields in the socket structure.
EINVAL
The specified option is invalid at the specified socket level or the socket has been shut down.
EISCONN
The socket is already connected, and a specified option cannot be set while the socket is connected.
ENOPROTOOPT

The option is not supported by the protocol.
ENOTSOCK
The socket argument does not refer to a socket. The setsockopt() function may fail if:
ENOMEM
There was insufficient memory available for the operation to complete.
ENOBUFS
Insufficient resources are available in the system to complete the call.

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

None.  

APPLICATION USAGE

The setsockopt() function provides an application program with the means to control socket behavior. An application program can use setsockopt() to allocate buffer space, control timeouts, or permit socket data broadcasts. The <sys/socket.h> header defines the socket-level options available to setsockopt(). Options may exist at multiple protocol levels. The SO_ options are always present at the uppermost socket level.  

RATIONALE

None.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

Section 2.10, Sockets, bind(), endprotoent(), getsockopt(), socket() The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, <netinet_in.h>, <sys_socket.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .

Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .


 

Index

PROLOG
NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT


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