from small one page howto to huge articles all in one place
 

search text in:





Poll
What does your sytem tell when running "ulimit -u"?








poll results

Last additions:
using iotop to find disk usage hogs

using iotop to find disk usage hogs

words:

887

views:

106668

userrating:

average rating: 1.7 (85 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)


May 25th. 2007:
Words

486

Views

220899

why adblockers are bad


Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels

Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels

words:

161

views:

101284

userrating:

average rating: 1.3 (28 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)


April, 26th. 2006:

Druckversion
You are here: manpages





MOVE_PAGES

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2017-09-15
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

move_pages - move individual pages of a process to another node  

SYNOPSIS

#include <numaif.h>

long move_pages(int pid, unsigned long count, void **pages,
                const int *nodes, int *status, int flags);

Link with -lnuma.  

DESCRIPTION

move_pages() moves the specified pages of the process pid to the memory nodes specified by nodes. The result of the move is reflected in status. The flags indicate constraints on the pages to be moved.

pid is the ID of the process in which pages are to be moved. If pid is 0, then move_pages() moves pages of the calling process.

To move pages in another process requires the following privileges:

*
In kernels up to and including Linux 4.12: the caller must be privileged (CAP_SYS_NICE) or the real or effective user ID of the calling process must match the real or saved-set user ID of the target process.
*
The older rules allowed the caller to discover various virtual address choices made by the kernel that could lead to the defeat of address-space-layout randomization for a process owned by the same UID as the caller, the rules were changed starting with Linux 4.13. Since Linux 4.13, permission is governed by a ptrace access mode PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS check with respect to the target process; see ptrace(2).

count is the number of pages to move. It defines the size of the three arrays pages, nodes, and status.

pages is an array of pointers to the pages that should be moved. These are pointers that should be aligned to page boundaries. Addresses are specified as seen by the process specified by pid.

nodes is an array of integers that specify the desired location for each page. Each element in the array is a node number. nodes can also be NULL, in which case move_pages() does not move any pages but instead will return the node where each page currently resides, in the status array. Obtaining the status of each page may be necessary to determine pages that need to be moved.

status is an array of integers that return the status of each page. The array contains valid values only if move_pages() did not return an error.

flags specify what types of pages to move. MPOL_MF_MOVE means that only pages that are in exclusive use by the process are to be moved. MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL means that pages shared between multiple processes can also be moved. The process must be privileged (CAP_SYS_NICE) to use MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL.  

Page states in the status array

The following values can be returned in each element of the status array.
0..MAX_NUMNODES
Identifies the node on which the page resides.
-EACCES
The page is mapped by multiple processes and can be moved only if MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL is specified.
-EBUSY
The page is currently busy and cannot be moved. Try again later. This occurs if a page is undergoing I/O or another kernel subsystem is holding a reference to the page.
-EFAULT
This is a zero page or the memory area is not mapped by the process.
-EIO
Unable to write back a page. The page has to be written back in order to move it since the page is dirty and the filesystem does not provide a migration function that would allow the move of dirty pages.
-EINVAL
A dirty page cannot be moved. The filesystem does not provide a migration function and has no ability to write back pages.
-ENOENT
The page is not present.
-ENOMEM
Unable to allocate memory on target node.
 

RETURN VALUE

On success move_pages() returns zero. On error, it returns -1, and sets errno to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

E2BIG
Too many pages to move.
EACCES
One of the target nodes is not allowed by the current cpuset.
EFAULT
Parameter array could not be accessed.
EINVAL
Flags other than MPOL_MF_MOVE and MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL was specified or an attempt was made to migrate pages of a kernel thread.
ENODEV
One of the target nodes is not online.
ENOENT
No pages were found that require moving. All pages are either already on the target node, not present, had an invalid address or could not be moved because they were mapped by multiple processes.
EPERM
The caller specified MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL without sufficient privileges (CAP_SYS_NICE). Or, the caller attempted to move pages of a process belonging to another user but did not have privilege to do so (CAP_SYS_NICE).
ESRCH
Process does not exist.
 

VERSIONS

move_pages() first appeared on Linux in version 2.6.18.  

CONFORMING TO

This system call is Linux-specific.  

NOTES

For information on library support, see numa(7).

Use get_mempolicy(2) with the MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED flag to obtain the set of nodes that are allowed by the current cpuset. Note that this information is subject to change at any time by manual or automatic reconfiguration of the cpuset.

Use of this function may result in pages whose location (node) violates the memory policy established for the specified addresses (See mbind(2)) and/or the specified process (See set_mempolicy(2)). That is, memory policy does not constrain the destination nodes used by move_pages().

The <numaif.h> header is not included with glibc, but requires installing libnuma-devel or a similar package.  

SEE ALSO

get_mempolicy(2), mbind(2), set_mempolicy(2), numa(3), numa_maps(5), cpuset(7), numa(7), migratepages(8), numastat(8)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 4.13 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Page states in the status array
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
VERSIONS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON


Please read "Why adblockers are bad".



Other free services
toURL.org
Shorten long
URLs to short
links like
http://tourl.org/2
tourl.org
.
Reverse DNS lookup
Find out which hostname(s)
resolve to a
given IP or other hostnames for the server
www.reversednslookup.org
rdf newsfeed | rss newsfeed | Atom newsfeed
- Powered by LeopardCMS - Running on Gentoo -
Copyright 2004-2017 Sascha Nitsch Unternehmensberatung UG(haftungsbeschränkt)
Valid XHTML1.1 : Valid CSS : buttonmaker
- Level Triple-A Conformance to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 -
- Copyright and legal notices -
Time to create this page: 2.7 ms