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Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: September 2013
Index Return to Main Contents


texi2dvi - convert Texinfo documents to DVI or PDF  


texi2dvi [OPTION]... FILE...
texi2pdf [OPTION]... FILE...
pdftexi2dvi [OPTION]... FILE...  


Run each Texinfo or (La)TeX FILE through TeX in turn until all cross-references are resolved, building all indices. The directory containing each FILE is searched for included files. The suffix of FILE is used to determine its language ((La)TeX or Texinfo). To process (e)plain TeX files, set the environment variable LATEX=tex.

In order to make texi2dvi a drop-in replacement of TeX/LaTeX in AUC-TeX, the FILE may also be composed of the following simple TeX commands.

the actual file to compile
same as --batch

When invoked as `texi2pdf' or `pdftexi2dvi', or given the option --pdf or --dvipdf, generate PDF output. Otherwise, generate DVI.  

General options:

-b, --batch
no interaction
-D, --debug
turn on shell debugging (set -x)
-h, --help
display this help and exit successfully
-o, --output=OFILE
leave output in OFILE; only one input FILE is allowed
-q, --quiet
no output unless errors (implies --batch)
-s, --silent
same as --quiet
-v, --version
display version information and exit successfully
-V, --verbose
report on what is done

Output format:

output a DVI file [default]
output a PDF file via DVI (using a dvi-to-pdf program)
output an HTML file from LaTeX, using HeVeA
output an Info file from LaTeX, using HeVeA
-p, --pdf
use pdftex or pdflatex for processing
output a PostScript file via DVI (using dvips)
output a plain text file from LaTeX, using HeVeA

TeX tuning:

use @input instead of \input for preloaded Texinfo
-e, -E, --expand
force macro expansion using makeinfo
search DIR for Texinfo files
-l, --language=LANG
specify LANG for FILE, either latex or texinfo
do not pass --file-line-error to TeX
-r, --recode
call recode before TeX to translate input
recode from ENC to the @documentencoding
pass --shell-escape to TeX
pass --src-specials to TeX
-t, --command=CMD
insert CMD in copy of input file
or --texinfo=CMD
multiple values accumulate
use given charset translation file for TeX

Build modes:

specify the treatment of auxiliary files [local]
same as --build=tidy
-c, --clean
same as --build=clean
specify where the tidy compilation is performed; implies --tidy; defaults to TEXI2DVI_BUILD_DIRECTORY [.]
remove the auxiliary files and directories but not the output
don't process files more than N times

The MODE specifies where the TeX compilation takes place, and, as a consequence, how auxiliary files are treated. The build mode can also be set using the environment variable TEXI2DVI_BUILD_MODE.  

Valid MODEs are:

compile in the current directory, leaving all the auxiliary files around. This is the traditional TeX use.
compile in a local *.t2d directory, where the auxiliary files are left. Output files are copied back to the original file.
same as `tidy', but remove the auxiliary directory afterwards. Every compilation therefore requires the full cycle.

Using the `tidy' mode brings several advantages:

- the current directory is not cluttered with plethora of temporary files. - clutter can be even further reduced using --build-dir=dir: all the *.t2d
directories are stored there.
- clutter can be reduced to zero using, e.g., --build-dir=/tmp/$USER.t2d
or --build-dir=$HOME/.t2d.
- the output file is updated after every successful TeX run, for
sake of concurrent visualization of the output.
In a `local' build
the viewer stops during the whole TeX run.
- if the compilation fails, the previous state of the output file
is preserved.
- PDF and DVI compilation are kept in separate subdirectories
preventing any possibility of auxiliary file incompatibility.

On the other hand, because `tidy' compilation takes place in another directory, occasionally TeX won't be able to find some files (e.g., when using \graphicspath): in that case, use -I to specify the additional directories to consider.

The values of the BIBER, BIBTEX, DVIPDF, DVIPS, HEVEA, LATEX, MAKEINDEX, MAKEINFO, PDFLATEX, PDFTEX, T4HT, TEX, TEX4HT, TEXINDEX, and THUMBPDF environment variables are used to run those commands, if they are set.

Regarding --dvipdf, if DVIPDF is not set in the environment, the following programs are looked for (in this order): dvipdfmx dvipdfm dvipdf dvi2pdf dvitopdf.

Any CMD strings are added after @setfilename for Texinfo input, or in the first line for LaTeX input.  


Report bugs to, general questions and discussion to
GNU Texinfo home page: <>
General help using GNU software: <>  


Copyright © 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.  


The full documentation for texi2dvi is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and texi2dvi programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info texi2dvi

should give you access to the complete manual.



General options:
Output format:
TeX tuning:
Build modes:
Valid MODEs are:
Using the `tidy' mode brings several advantages:

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