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ETHTOOL

Section: Maintenance Commands (8)
Updated: September 2014
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

ethtool - query or control network driver and hardware settings  

SYNOPSIS

ethtool devname
ethtool -h|--help
ethtool --version
ethtool -a|--show-pause devname
ethtool -A|--pause devname [autoneg on|off] [rx on|off] [tx on|off]
ethtool -c|--show-coalesce devname
ethtool -C|--coalesce devname [adaptive-rx on|off] [adaptive-tx on|off] [rx-usecs N] [rx-frames N] [rx-usecs-irq N] [rx-frames-irq N] [tx-usecs N] [tx-frames N] [tx-usecs-irq N] [tx-frames-irq N] [stats-block-usecs N] [pkt-rate-low N] [rx-usecs-low N] [rx-frames-low N] [tx-usecs-low N] [tx-frames-low N] [pkt-rate-high N] [rx-usecs-high N] [rx-frames-high N] [tx-usecs-high N] [tx-frames-high N] [sample-interval N]
ethtool -g|--show-ring devname
ethtool -G|--set-ring devname [rx N] [rx-mini N] [rx-jumbo N] [tx N]
ethtool -i|--driver devname
ethtool -d|--register-dump devname [raw on|off] [hex on|off] [file name]
ethtool -e|--eeprom-dump devname [raw on|off] [offset N] [length N]
ethtool -E|--change-eeprom devname [magic N] [offset N] [length N] [value N]
ethtool -k|--show-features|--show-offload devname
ethtool -K|--features|--offload devname feature on|off ...
ethtool -p|--identify devname [N]
ethtool -P|--show-permaddr devname
ethtool -r|--negotiate devname
ethtool -S|--statistics devname
ethtool -t|--test devname [offline|online|external_lb]
ethtool -s devname [speed N] [duplex half|full] [port tp|aui|bnc|mii] [mdix auto|on|off] [autoneg on|off] [advertise N] [phyad N] [xcvr internal|external] [wol p|u|m|b|a|g|s|d...] [sopass xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc] [msglvl N | msglvl type on|off ...]
ethtool -n|-u|--show-nfc|--show-ntuple devnamerx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|esp4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|esp6|sctp6 |
rule N ]
ethtool -N|-U|--config-nfc|--config-ntuple devname rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|esp4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|esp6|sctp6 :m|v|t|s|d|f|n|r... |
flow-type ether|ip4|tcp4|udp4|sctp4|ah4|esp4 [src xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc [m xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc]] [dst xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc [m xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc]] [proto N [m N]] [src-ip x.x.x.x [m x.x.x.x]] [dst-ip x.x.x.x [m x.x.x.x]] [tos N [m N]] [l4proto N [m N]] [src-port N [m N]] [dst-port N [m N]] [spi N [m N]] [l4data N [m N]] [vlan-etype N [m N]] [vlan N [m N]] [user-def N [m N]] [dst-mac xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc [m xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc]] [action N] [loc N] |
delete N
ethtool -w|--get-dump devname [data filename]
ethtool -W|--set-dump devname N
ethtool -T|--show-time-stamping devname
ethtool -x|--show-rxfh-indir|--show-rxfh devname
ethtool -X|--set-rxfh-indir|--rxfh devname [hkey xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc:...] [ equal N | weight W0 W1 ... ]
ethtool -f|--flash devname file [N]
ethtool -l|--show-channels devname
ethtool -L|--set-channels devname [rx N] [tx N] [other N] [combined N]
ethtool -m|--dump-module-eeprom|--module-info devname [raw on|off] [hex on|off] [offset N] [length N]
ethtool --show-priv-flags devname
ethtool --set-priv-flags devname flag on|off ...
ethtool --show-eee devname
ethtool --set-eee devname [eee on|off] [tx-lpi on|off] [tx-timer N] [advertise N]

 

DESCRIPTION

ethtool
is used to query and control network device driver and hardware settings, particularly for wired Ethernet devices.

devname is the name of the network device on which ethtool should operate.

 

OPTIONS

ethtool with a single argument specifying the device name prints current settings of the specified device.
-h --help
Shows a short help message.
--version
Shows the ethtool version number.
-a --show-pause
Queries the specified Ethernet device for pause parameter information.
-A --pause
Changes the pause parameters of the specified Ethernet device.
autoneg on|off
Specifies whether pause autonegotiation should be enabled.
rx on|off
Specifies whether RX pause should be enabled.
tx on|off
Specifies whether TX pause should be enabled.
-c --show-coalesce
Queries the specified network device for coalescing information.
-C --coalesce
Changes the coalescing settings of the specified network device.
-g --show-ring
Queries the specified network device for rx/tx ring parameter information.
-G --set-ring
Changes the rx/tx ring parameters of the specified network device.
rx N
Changes the number of ring entries for the Rx ring.
rx-mini N
Changes the number of ring entries for the Rx Mini ring.
rx-jumbo N
Changes the number of ring entries for the Rx Jumbo ring.
tx N
Changes the number of ring entries for the Tx ring.
-i --driver
Queries the specified network device for associated driver information.
-d --register-dump
Retrieves and prints a register dump for the specified network device. The register format for some devices is known and decoded others are printed in hex. When raw is enabled, then ethtool dumps the raw register data to stdout. If file is specified, then use contents of previous raw register dump, rather than reading from the device.
-e --eeprom-dump
Retrieves and prints an EEPROM dump for the specified network device. When raw is enabled, then it dumps the raw EEPROM data to stdout. The length and offset parameters allow dumping certain portions of the EEPROM. Default is to dump the entire EEPROM.
-E --change-eeprom
If value is specified, changes EEPROM byte for the specified network device. offset and value specify which byte and it's new value. If value is not specified, stdin is read and written to the EEPROM. The length and offset parameters allow writing to certain portions of the EEPROM. Because of the persistent nature of writing to the EEPROM, a device-specific magic key must be specified to prevent the accidental writing to the EEPROM.
-k --show-features --show-offload
Queries the specified network device for the state of protocol offload and other features.
-K --features --offload
Changes the offload parameters and other features of the specified network device. The following feature names are built-in and others may be defined by the kernel.
rx on|off
Specifies whether RX checksumming should be enabled.
tx on|off
Specifies whether TX checksumming should be enabled.
sg on|off
Specifies whether scatter-gather should be enabled.
tso on|off
Specifies whether TCP segmentation offload should be enabled.
ufo on|off
Specifies whether UDP fragmentation offload should be enabled
gso on|off
Specifies whether generic segmentation offload should be enabled
gro on|off
Specifies whether generic receive offload should be enabled
lro on|off
Specifies whether large receive offload should be enabled
rxvlan on|off
Specifies whether RX VLAN acceleration should be enabled
txvlan on|off
Specifies whether TX VLAN acceleration should be enabled
ntuple on|off
Specifies whether Rx ntuple filters and actions should be enabled
rxhash on|off
Specifies whether receive hashing offload should be enabled
-p --identify
Initiates adapter-specific action intended to enable an operator to easily identify the adapter by sight. Typically this involves blinking one or more LEDs on the specific network port.
N
Length of time to perform phys-id, in seconds.
-P --show-permaddr
Queries the specified network device for permanent hardware address.
-r --negotiate
Restarts auto-negotiation on the specified Ethernet device, if auto-negotiation is enabled.
-S --statistics
Queries the specified network device for NIC- and driver-specific statistics.
-t --test
Executes adapter selftest on the specified network device. Possible test modes are:
offline
Perform full set of tests, possibly interrupting normal operation during the tests,
online
Perform limited set of tests, not interrupting normal operation,
external_lb
Perform full set of tests, as for offline, and additionally an external-loopback test.
-s --change
Allows changing some or all settings of the specified network device. All following options only apply if -s was specified.
speed N
Set speed in Mb/s. ethtool with just the device name as an argument will show you the supported device speeds.
duplex half|full
Sets full or half duplex mode.
port tp|aui|bnc|mii
Selects device port.
mdix auto|on|off
Selects MDI-X mode for port. May be used to override the automatic detection feature of most adapters. An argument of auto means automatic detection of MDI status, on forces MDI-X (crossover) mode, while off means MDI (straight through) mode. The driver should guarantee that this command takes effect immediately, and if necessary may reset the link to cause the change to take effect.
autoneg on|off
Specifies whether autonegotiation should be enabled. Autonegotiation is enabled by default, but in some network devices may have trouble with it, so you can disable it if really necessary.
advertise N
Sets the speed and duplex advertised by autonegotiation. The argument is a hexadecimal value using one or a combination of the following values:
0x00110baseT Half
0x00210baseT Full
0x004100baseT Half
0x008100baseT Full
0x0101000baseT Half(not supported by IEEE standards)
0x0201000baseT Full
0x200001000baseKX Full
0x80002500baseX Full(not supported by IEEE standards)
0x100010000baseT Full
0x4000010000baseKX4 Full
0x8000010000baseKR Full
0x20000020000baseMLD2 Full(not supported by IEEE standards)
0x40000020000baseKR2 Full(not supported by IEEE standards)
0x80000040000baseKR4 Full
0x100000040000baseCR4 Full
0x200000040000baseSR4 Full
0x400000040000baseLR4 Full
phyad N
PHY address.
xcvr internal|external
Selects transceiver type. Currently only internal and external can be specified, in the future further types might be added.
wol p|u|m|b|a|g|s|d...
Sets Wake-on-LAN options. Not all devices support this. The argument to this option is a string of characters specifying which options to enable.
pWake on PHY activity
uWake on unicast messages
mWake on multicast messages
bWake on broadcast messages
aWake on ARP
gWake on MagicPacket[tm]
sEnable SecureOn[tm] password for MagicPacket[tm]
d Disable (wake on nothing). This option clears all previous options.
sopass xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc
Sets the SecureOn[tm] password. The argument to this option must be 6 bytes in Ethernet MAC hex format (xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc).

msglvl N
msglvl type on|off ...

Sets the driver message type flags by name or number. type names the type of message to enable or disable; N specifies the new flags numerically. The defined type names and numbers are:
drv0x0001 General driver status
probe0x0002 Hardware probing
link0x0004 Link state
timer0x0008 Periodic status check
ifdown0x0010 Interface being brought down
ifup0x0020 Interface being brought up
rx_err0x0040 Receive error
tx_err0x0080 Transmit error
tx_queued0x0100 Transmit queueing
intr0x0200 Interrupt handling
tx_done0x0400 Transmit completion
rx_status0x0800 Receive completion
pktdata0x1000 Packet contents
hw0x2000 Hardware status
wol0x4000 Wake-on-LAN status

The precise meanings of these type flags differ between drivers.

-n -u --show-nfc --show-ntuple
Retrieves receive network flow classification options or rules.
rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|esp4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|esp6|sctp6
Retrieves the hash options for the specified flow type.
tcp4TCP over IPv4
udp4UDP over IPv4
ah4IPSEC AH over IPv4
esp4IPSEC ESP over IPv4
sctp4SCTP over IPv4
tcp6TCP over IPv6
udp6UDP over IPv6
ah6IPSEC AH over IPv6
esp6IPSEC ESP over IPv6
sctp6SCTP over IPv6
rule N
Retrieves the RX classification rule with the given ID.
-N -U --config-nfc --config-ntuple
Configures receive network flow classification options or rules.
rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|esp4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|esp6|sctp6:m|v|t|s|d|f|n|r...
Configures the hash options for the specified flow type.
mHash on the Layer 2 destination address of the rx packet.
vHash on the VLAN tag of the rx packet.
tHash on the Layer 3 protocol field of the rx packet.
sHash on the IP source address of the rx packet.
dHash on the IP destination address of the rx packet.
fHash on bytes 0 and 1 of the Layer 4 header of the rx packet.
nHash on bytes 2 and 3 of the Layer 4 header of the rx packet.
r Discard all packets of this flow type. When this option is set, all other options are ignored.
flow-type ether|ip4|tcp4|udp4|sctp4|ah4|esp4
Inserts or updates a classification rule for the specified flow type.
etherEthernet
ip4Raw IPv4
tcp4TCP over IPv4
udp4UDP over IPv4
sctp4SCTP over IPv4
ah4IPSEC AH over IPv4
esp4IPSEC ESP over IPv4

For all fields that allow both a value and a mask to be specified, the mask may be specified immediately after the value using the m keyword, or separately using the field name keyword with -mask appended, e.g. src-mask.

src xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc [m xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc]
Includes the source MAC address, specified as 6 bytes in hexadecimal separated by colons, along with an optional mask. Valid only for flow-type ether.
dst xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc [m xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc]
Includes the destination MAC address, specified as 6 bytes in hexadecimal separated by colons, along with an optional mask. Valid only for flow-type ether.
proto N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Includes the Ethernet protocol number (ethertype) and an optional mask. Valid only for flow-type ether.
src-ip x.x.x.x [m x.x.x.x]
Specify the source IP address of the incoming packet to match along with an optional mask. Valid for all IPv4 based flow-types.
dst-ip x.x.x.x [m x.x.x.x]
Specify the destination IP address of the incoming packet to match along with an optional mask. Valid for all IPv4 based flow-types.
tos N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Specify the value of the Type of Service field in the incoming packet to match along with an optional mask. Applies to all IPv4 based flow-types.
l4proto N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Includes the layer 4 protocol number and optional mask. Valid only for flow-type ip4.
src-port N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Specify the value of the source port field (applicable to TCP/UDP packets) in the incoming packet to match along with an optional mask. Valid for flow-types ip4, tcp4, udp4, and sctp4.
dst-port N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Specify the value of the destination port field (applicable to TCP/UDP packets)in the incoming packet to match along with an optional mask. Valid for flow-types ip4, tcp4, udp4, and sctp4.
spi N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Specify the value of the security parameter index field (applicable to AH/ESP packets)in the incoming packet to match along with an optional mask. Valid for flow-types ip4, ah4, and esp4.
l4data N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Specify the value of the first 4 Bytes of Layer 4 in the incoming packet to match along with an optional mask. Valid for ip4 flow-type.
vlan-etype N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Includes the VLAN tag Ethertype and an optional mask.
vlan N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Includes the VLAN tag and an optional mask.
user-def N\fR [\fPm N\fR]\fP
Includes 64-bits of user-specific data and an optional mask.
dst-mac xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc [m xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc]
Includes the destination MAC address, specified as 6 bytes in hexadecimal separated by colons, along with an optional mask. Valid for all IPv4 based flow-types.
action N
Specifies the Rx queue to send packets to, or some other action.
-1Drop the matched flow
0 or higherRx queue to route the flow
loc N
Specify the location/ID to insert the rule. This will overwrite any rule present in that location and will not go through any of the rule ordering process.
delete N
Deletes the RX classification rule with the given ID.
-w --get-dump
Retrieves and prints firmware dump for the specified network device. By default, it prints out the dump flag, version and length of the dump data. When data is indicated, then ethtool fetches the dump data and directs it to a file.
-W --set-dump
Sets the dump flag for the device.
-T --show-time-stamping
Show the device's time stamping capabilities and associated PTP hardware clock.
-x --show-rxfh-indir --show-rxfh
Retrieves the receive flow hash indirection table and/or RSS hash key.
-X --set-rxfh-indir --rxfh
Configures the receive flow hash indirection table and/or RSS hash key.
hkey
Sets RSS hash key of the specified network device. RSS hash key should be of device supported length. Hash key format must be in xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc format meaning both the nibbles of a byte should be mentioned even if a nibble is zero.
equal N
Sets the receive flow hash indirection table to spread flows evenly between the first N receive queues.
weight W0 W1 ...
Sets the receive flow hash indirection table to spread flows between receive queues according to the given weights. The sum of the weights must be non-zero and must not exceed the size of the indirection table.
-f --flash
Write a firmware image to flash or other non-volatile memory on the device.
file
Specifies the filename of the firmware image. The firmware must first be installed in one of the directories where the kernel firmware loader or firmware agent will look, such as /lib/firmware.
N
If the device stores multiple firmware images in separate regions of non-volatile memory, this parameter may be used to specify which region is to be written. The default is 0, requesting that all regions are written. All other values are driver-dependent.
-l --show-channels
Queries the specified network device for the numbers of channels it has. A channel is an IRQ and the set of queues that can trigger that IRQ.
-L --set-channels
Changes the numbers of channels of the specified network device.
rx N
Changes the number of channels with only receive queues.
tx N
Changes the number of channels with only transmit queues.
other N
Changes the number of channels used only for other purposes e.g. link interrupts or SR-IOV co-ordination.
combined N
Changes the number of multi-purpose channels.
-m --dump-module-eeprom --module-info
Retrieves and if possible decodes the EEPROM from plugin modules, e.g SFP+, QSFP. If the driver and module support it, the optical diagnostic information is also read and decoded.
--show-priv-flags
Queries the specified network device for its private flags. The names and meanings of private flags (if any) are defined by each network device driver.
--set-priv-flags
Sets the device's private flags as specified.

flag on|off Sets the state of the named private flag.

--show-eee
Queries the specified network device for its support of Energy-Efficient Ethernet (according to the IEEE 802.3az specifications)
--set-eee
Sets the device EEE behaviour.
eee on|off
Enables/disables the device support of EEE.
tx-lpi on|off
Determines whether the device should assert its Tx LPI.
advertise N
Sets the speeds for which the device should advertise EEE capabiliities. Values are as for --change advertise
tx-timer N
Sets the amount of time the device should stay in idle mode prior to asserting its Tx LPI (in microseconds). This has meaning only when Tx LPI is enabled.
 

BUGS

Not supported (in part or whole) on all network drivers.  

AUTHOR

ethtool was written by David Miller.

Modifications by Jeff Garzik, Tim Hockin, Jakub Jelinek, Andre Majorel, Eli Kupermann, Scott Feldman, Andi Kleen, Alexander Duyck, Sucheta Chakraborty.  

AVAILABILITY

ethtool is available from http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool/


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
BUGS
AUTHOR
AVAILABILITY


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