from small one page howto to huge articles all in one place
 

search text in:





Poll
What does your sytem tell when running "ulimit -u"?








poll results

Last additions:
using iotop to find disk usage hogs

using iotop to find disk usage hogs

words:

887

views:

101408

userrating:

average rating: 1.7 (84 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)


May 25th. 2007:
Words

486

Views

216422

why adblockers are bad


Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels

Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels

words:

161

views:

97264

userrating:

average rating: 1.3 (28 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)


April, 26th. 2006:

Druckversion
You are here: manpages





ZMQ_PGM

Section: 0MQ Manual (7)
Updated: 10/14/2014
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

zmq_pgm - 0MQ reliable multicast transport using PGM  

SYNOPSIS

PGM (Pragmatic General Multicast) is a protocol for reliable multicast transport of data over IP networks.  

DESCRIPTION

0MQ implements two variants of PGM, the standard protocol where PGM datagrams are layered directly on top of IP datagrams as defined by RFC 3208 (the pgm transport) and "Encapsulated PGM" or EPGM where PGM datagrams are encapsulated inside UDP datagrams (the epgm transport).

The pgm and epgm transports can only be used with the ZMQ_PUB and ZMQ_SUB socket types.

Further, PGM sockets are rate limited by default. For details, refer to the ZMQ_RATE, and ZMQ_RECOVERY_IVL options documented in zmq_setsockopt(3).


Caution

The pgm transport implementation requires access to raw IP sockets. Additional privileges may be required on some operating systems for this operation. Applications not requiring direct interoperability with other PGM implementations are encouraged to use the epgm transport instead which does not require any special privileges.

 

ADDRESSING

A 0MQ endpoint is a string consisting of a transport:// followed by an address. The transport specifies the underlying protocol to use. The address specifies the transport-specific address to connect to.

For the PGM transport, the transport is pgm, and for the EPGM protocol the transport is epgm. The meaning of the address part is defined below.  

Connecting a socket

When connecting a socket to a peer address using zmq_connect() with the pgm or epgm transport, the endpoint shall be interpreted as an interface followed by a semicolon, followed by a multicast address, followed by a colon and a port number.

An interface may be specified by either of the following:

* The interface name as defined by the operating system.

* The primary IPv4 address assigned to the interface, in its numeric representation.


Note

Interface names are not standardised in any way and should be assumed to be arbitrary and platform dependent. On Win32 platforms no short interface names exist, thus only the primary IPv4 address may be used to specify an interface. The interface part can be omitted, in that case the default one will be selected.

A multicast address is specified by an IPv4 multicast address in its numeric representation.  

WIRE FORMAT

Consecutive PGM datagrams are interpreted by 0MQ as a single continuous stream of data where 0MQ messages are not necessarily aligned with PGM datagram boundaries and a single 0MQ message may span several PGM datagrams. This stream of data consists of 0MQ messages encapsulated in frames as described in zmq_tcp(7).  

PGM datagram payload

The following ABNF grammar represents the payload of a single PGM datagram as used by 0MQ:

datagram               = (offset data)
offset                 = 2OCTET
data                   = *OCTET

In order for late joining consumers to be able to identify message boundaries, each PGM datagram payload starts with a 16-bit unsigned integer in network byte order specifying either the offset of the first message frame in the datagram or containing the value 0xFFFF if the datagram contains solely an intermediate part of a larger message.

Note that offset specifies where the first message begins rather than the first message part. Thus, if there are trailing message parts at the beginning of the packet the offset ignores them and points to first initial message part in the packet.

The following diagram illustrates the layout of a single PGM datagram payload:

+------------------+----------------------+
| offset (16 bits) |         data         |
+------------------+----------------------+

The following diagram further illustrates how three example 0MQ frames are laid out in consecutive PGM datagram payloads:

First datagram payload
+--------------+-------------+---------------------+
| Frame offset |   Frame 1   |   Frame 2, part 1   |
|    0x0000    | (Message 1) | (Message 2, part 1) |
+--------------+-------------+---------------------+

Second datagram payload
+--------------+---------------------+
| Frame offset |   Frame 2, part 2   |
| 0xFFFF       | (Message 2, part 2) |
+--------------+---------------------+

Third datagram payload
+--------------+----------------------------+-------------+
| Frame offset |   Frame 2, final 8 bytes   |   Frame 3   |
| 0x0008       | (Message 2, final 8 bytes) | (Message 3) |
+--------------+----------------------------+-------------+
 

EXAMPLE

Connecting a socket.

//  Connecting to the multicast address 239.192.1.1, port 5555,
//  using the first Ethernet network interface on Linux
//  and the Encapsulated PGM protocol
rc = zmq_connect(socket, "epgm://eth0;239.192.1.1:5555");
assert (rc == 0);
//  Connecting to the multicast address 239.192.1.1, port 5555,
//  using the network interface with the address 192.168.1.1
//  and the standard PGM protocol
rc = zmq_connect(socket, "pgm://192.168.1.1;239.192.1.1:5555");
assert (rc == 0);

 

SEE ALSO

zmq_connect(3) zmq_setsockopt(3) zmq_tcp(7) zmq_ipc(7) zmq_inproc(7) zmq(7)  

AUTHORS

This page was written by the 0MQ community. To make a change please read the 0MQ Contribution Policy at m[blue]http://www.zeromq.org/docs:contributingm[].


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ADDRESSING
Connecting a socket
WIRE FORMAT
PGM datagram payload
EXAMPLE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS


Please read "Why adblockers are bad".



Other free services
toURL.org
Shorten long
URLs to short
links like
http://tourl.org/2
tourl.org
.
Reverse DNS lookup
Find out which hostname(s)
resolve to a
given IP or other hostnames for the server
www.reversednslookup.org
rdf newsfeed | rss newsfeed | Atom newsfeed
- Powered by LeopardCMS - Running on Gentoo -
Copyright 2004-2017 Sascha Nitsch Unternehmensberatung UG(haftungsbeschränkt)
Valid XHTML1.1 : Valid CSS : buttonmaker
- Level Triple-A Conformance to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 -
- Copyright and legal notices -
Time to create this page: 3.3 ms