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Section: Environments, Tables, and Troff Macros (7)
Updated: 4 November 2014
Index Return to Main Contents


groff_me - troff macros for formatting papers  


groff -me [ options ] file ...
groff -m me [ options ] file ...  


This manual page describes the GNU version of the -me macros, which is part of the groff document formatting system. This version can be used with both GNU troff and Unix troff. This package of troff macro definitions provides a canned formatting facility for technical papers in various formats.

The macro requests are defined below. Many troff requests are unsafe in conjunction with this package, however, these requests may be used with impunity after the first .pp:

.bpbegin new page
.brbreak output line here
.sp ninsert n spacing lines
.ls n(line spacing) n=1 single, n=2 double space
.nano alignment of right margin
.ce ncenter next n lines
.ul nunderline next n lines

Output of the pic, eqn, refer, and tbl preprocessors is acceptable as input.  


/usr/share/groff/1.21/tmac/me.tmac (a wrapper file for e.tmac)


groff(1), troff(1)
-me Reference Manual, Eric P. Allman
Writing Papers with Groff Using -me  


This list is incomplete; see The -me Reference Manual for interesting details.


.(c-yes Begin centered block
.(d-no Begin delayed text
.(f-noBegin footnote
.(l-yesBegin list
.(q-yes Begin major quote
.(x x-no Begin indexed item in index
.(z-no Begin floating keep
.)c-yes End centered block
.)d-yes End delayed text
.)f-yesEnd footnote
.)l-yesEnd list
.)q-yes End major quote
.)x-yes End index item
.)z-yes End floating keep
.++ m H-no Define paper section. m defines the part of the paper, and can be C (chapter), A (appendix), P (preliminary, e.g., abstract, table of contents, etc.), B (bibliography), RC (chapters renumbered from page one each chapter), or RA (appendix renumbered from page one).
.+c T-yes Begin chapter (or appendix, etc., as set by .++). T is the chapter title.
.1c1yes One column format on a new page.
.2c1yes Two column format.
.EN-yes Space after equation produced by eqn or neqn.
.EQ x y-yes Precede equation; break out and add space. Equation number is y. The optional argument x may be I to indent equation (default), L to left-adjust the equation, or C to center the equation.
.GE-yes End gremlin picture.
.GS-yes Begin gremlin picture.
.PE-yes End pic picture.
.PS-yes Begin pic picture.
.TE-yesEnd table.
.TH-yes End heading section of table.
.TS x-yes Begin table; if x is H table has repeated heading.
.b xnono Print x in boldface; if no argument switch to boldface.
.ba +n0yes Augments the base indent by n. This indent is used to set the indent on regular text (like paragraphs).
.bcnoyes Begin new column
.bi xnono Print x in bold italics (nofill only)
.bu-yes Begin bulleted paragraph
.bx xnono Print x in a box (nofill only).
.ef 'x'y'z'''''no Set even footer to x y z
.eh 'x'y'z'''''no Set even header to x y z
.fo 'x'y'z'''''no Set footer to x y z
.hx-no Suppress headers and footers on next page.
.he 'x'y'z'''''no Set header to x y z
.hl-yes Draw a horizontal line
.i xnono Italicize x; if x missing, italic text follows.
.ip x ynoyes Start indented paragraph, with hanging tag x. Indentation is y ens (default 5).
.lpyesyes Start left-blocked paragraph.
.np1yes Start numbered paragraph.
.of 'x'y'z'''''no Set odd footer to x y z
.oh 'x'y'z'''''no Set odd header to x y z
.pd-yes Print delayed text.
.ppnoyes Begin paragraph. First line indented.
.ryesno Roman text follows.
.re-no Reset tabs to default values.
.sh n x-yes Section head follows, font automatically bold. n is level of section, x is title of section.
.sknono Leave the next page blank. Only one page is remembered ahead.
.sm x-no Set x in a smaller pointsize.
.sz +n10pno Augment the point size by n points.
.tpnoyes Begin title page.
.u x-no Underline argument (even in troff). (Nofill only).
.uh-yes Like .sh but unnumbered.
.xp x-noPrint index.




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