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CHARMAP

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (5)
Updated: 2014-07-08
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

charmap - character set description file  

DESCRIPTION

A character set description (charmap) defines all available characters and their encodings in a character set. localedef(1) can use charmaps to create locale variants for different character sets.  

Syntax

The charmap file starts with a header that may consist of the following keywords:
<code_set_name>
is followed by the name of the character map.
<comment_char>
is followed by a character that will be used as the comment character for the rest of the file. It defaults to the number sign (#).
<escape_char>
is followed by a character that should be used as the escape character for the rest of the file to mark characters that should be interpreted in a special way. It defaults to the backslash (\).
<mb_cur_max>
is followed by the maximum number of bytes for a character. The default value is 1.
<mb_cur_min>
is followed by the minimum number of bytes for a character. This value must be less than or equal than mb_cur_max. If not specified, it defaults to mb_cur_max.

The character set definition section starts with the keyword CHARMAP in the first column.

The following lines may have one of the two following forms to define the character set:

<character> <byte-sequence> <comment>
This form defines exactly one character and its byte sequence, <comment> being optional.
<character>..<character> <byte-sequence> <comment>
This form defines a character range and its byte sequence, <comment> being optional.

The character set definition section ends with the string END CHARMAP.

The character set definition section may optionally be followed by a section to define widths of characters.

The WIDTH_DEFAULT keyword can be used to define the default width for all characters not explicitly listed. The default character width is 1.

The width section for individual characters starts with the keyword WIDTH in the first column.

The following lines may have one of the two following forms to define the widths of the characters:

<character> <width>
This form defines the width of exactly one character.
<character>...<character> <width>
This form defines the width for all the characters in the range.

The width definition section ends with the string END WIDTH.  

FILES

/usr/share/i18n/charmaps
Usual default character map path.
 

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.2.  

EXAMPLE

The Euro sign is defined as follows in the UTF-8 charmap:

<U20AC>     /xe2/x82/xac
 

SEE ALSO

iconv(1), locale(1), localedef(1), locale(5), charsets(7)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.81 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
DESCRIPTION
Syntax
FILES
CONFORMING TO
EXAMPLE
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON


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