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You are here: manpages

# HYPOT

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2010-09-20

## NAME

hypot, hypotf, hypotl - Euclidean distance function

## SYNOPSIS

```#include <math.h>

double hypot(double x, double y);

float hypotf(float x, float y);

long double hypotl(long double x, long double y);
```

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

hypot():

_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

hypotf(), hypotl():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

## DESCRIPTION

The hypot() function returns sqrt(x*x+y*y). This is the length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle with sides of length x and y, or the distance of the point (x,y) from the origin.

The calculation is performed without undue overflow or underflow during the intermediate steps of the calculation.

## RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the length of a right-angled triangle with sides of length x and y.

If x or y is an infinity, positive infinity is returned.

If x or y is a NaN, and the other argument is not an infinity, a NaN is returned.

If the result overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively.

If both arguments are subnormal, and the result is subnormal, a range error occurs, and the correct result is returned.

## ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Range error: result overflow
errno is set to ERANGE. An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.
Range error: result underflow
An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.
These functions do not set errno for this case.

## CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001. The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD.

cabs(3), sqrt(3)

## COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.81 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

## Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
COLOPHON

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