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FNMATCH

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2015-03-02
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

fnmatch - match filename or pathname  

SYNOPSIS

#include <fnmatch.h>

int fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags);
 

DESCRIPTION

The fnmatch() function checks whether the string argument matches the pattern argument, which is a shell wildcard pattern.

The flags argument modifies the behavior; it is the bitwise OR of zero or more of the following flags:

FNM_NOESCAPE
If this flag is set, treat backslash as an ordinary character, instead of an escape character.
FNM_PATHNAME
If this flag is set, match a slash in string only with a slash in pattern and not by an asterisk (*) or a question mark (?) metacharacter, nor by a bracket expression ([]) containing a slash.
FNM_PERIOD
If this flag is set, a leading period in string has to be matched exactly by a period in pattern. A period is considered to be leading if it is the first character in string, or if both FNM_PATHNAME is set and the period immediately follows a slash.
FNM_FILE_NAME
This is a GNU synonym for FNM_PATHNAME.
FNM_LEADING_DIR
If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is considered to be matched if it matches an initial segment of string which is followed by a slash. This flag is mainly for the internal use of glibc and is implemented only in certain cases.
FNM_CASEFOLD
If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is matched case-insensitively.
 

RETURN VALUE

Zero if string matches pattern, FNM_NOMATCH if there is no match or another nonzero value if there is an error.  

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
InterfaceAttributeValue
fnmatch() Thread safetyMT-Safe env locale
 

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.2. The FNM_FILE_NAME, FNM_LEADING_DIR, and FNM_CASEFOLD flags are GNU extensions.  

SEE ALSO

sh(1), glob(3), scandir(3), wordexp(3), glob(7)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.81 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ATTRIBUTES
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON


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