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You are here: manpages





IOPL

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2013-03-15
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

iopl - change I/O privilege level  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/io.h>

int iopl(int level);  

DESCRIPTION

iopl() changes the I/O privilege level of the calling process, as specified by the two least significant bits in level.

This call is necessary to allow 8514-compatible X servers to run under Linux. Since these X servers require access to all 65536 I/O ports, the ioperm(2) call is not sufficient.

In addition to granting unrestricted I/O port access, running at a higher I/O privilege level also allows the process to disable interrupts. This will probably crash the system, and is not recommended.

Permissions are inherited by fork(2) and execve(2).

The I/O privilege level for a normal process is 0.

This call is mostly for the i386 architecture. On many other architectures it does not exist or will always return an error.  

RETURN VALUE

On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.  

ERRORS

EINVAL
level is greater than 3.
ENOSYS
This call is unimplemented.
EPERM
The calling process has insufficient privilege to call iopl(); the CAP_SYS_RAWIO capability is required to raise the I/O privilege level above its current value.
 

CONFORMING TO

iopl() is Linux-specific and should not be used in programs that are intended to be portable.  

NOTES

Libc5 treats it as a system call and has a prototype in <unistd.h>. Glibc1 does not have a prototype. Glibc2 has a prototype both in <sys/io.h> and in <sys/perm.h>. Avoid the latter, it is available on i386 only.  

SEE ALSO

ioperm(2), outb(2), capabilities(7)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.81 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON


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