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CFLOW

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (1P)
Updated: 2013
Index Return to Main Contents
 

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

 

NAME

cflow --- generate a C-language flowgraph (DEVELOPMENT)  

SYNOPSIS

cflow [-r] [-d num] [-D name[=def]]... [-i incl] [-I dir]...
    [-U dir]... file...
 

DESCRIPTION

The cflow utility shall analyze a collection of object files or assembler, C-language, lex, or yacc source files, and attempt to build a graph, written to standard output, charting the external references.  

OPTIONS

The cflow utility shall conform to the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines, except that the order of the -D, -I, and -U options (which are identical to their interpretation by c99) is significant. The following options shall be supported:
-d num
Indicate the depth at which the flowgraph is cut off. The application shall ensure that the argument num is a decimal integer. By default this is a very large number (typically greater than 32000). Attempts to set the cut-off depth to a non-positive integer shall be ignored.
-i incl
Increase the number of included symbols. The incl option-argument is one of the following characters:

x
Include external and static data symbols. The default shall be to include only functions in the flowgraph.
_
(Underscore) Include names that begin with an <underscore>. The default shall be to exclude these functions (and data if -i x is used).
-r
Reverse the caller:callee relationship, producing an inverted listing showing the callers of each function. The listing shall also be sorted in lexicographical order by callee.
 

OPERANDS

The following operand is supported:
file
The pathname of a file for which a graph is to be generated. Filenames suffixed by .l shall shall be taken to be lex input, .y as yacc input, .c as c99 input, and .i as the output of c99 -E. Such files shall be processed as appropriate, determined by their suffix.

Files suffixed by .s (conventionally assembler source) may have more limited information extracted from them.

 

STDIN

Not used.  

INPUT FILES

The input files shall be object files or assembler, C-language, lex, or yacc source files.  

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

The following environment variables shall affect the execution of cflow:
LANG
Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. (See the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, Section 8.2, Internationalization Variables for the precedence of internationalization variables used to determine the values of locale categories.)
LC_ALL
If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other internationalization variables.
LC_COLLATE

Determine the locale for the ordering of the output when the -r option is used.
LC_CTYPE
Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments and input files).
LC_MESSAGES

Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.
NLSPATH
Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of LC_MESSAGES.
 

ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS

Default.  

STDOUT

The flowgraph written to standard output shall be formatted as follows:


"%d %s:%s\n", <reference number>, <global>, <definition>
Each line of output begins with a reference (that is, line) number, followed by indentation of at least one column position per level. This is followed by the name of the global, a <colon>, and its definition. Normally globals are only functions not defined as an external or beginning with an <underscore>; see the OPTIONS section for the -i inclusion option. For information extracted from C-language source, the definition consists of an abstract type declaration (for example, char *) and, delimited by angle brackets, the name of the source file and the line number where the definition was found. Definitions extracted from object files indicate the filename and location counter under which the symbol appeared (for example, text). Once a definition of a name has been written, subsequent references to that name contain only the reference number of the line where the definition can be found. For undefined references, only dq<>dq shall be written.  

STDERR

The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.  

OUTPUT FILES

None.  

EXTENDED DESCRIPTION

None.  

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values shall be returned:
 0
Successful completion.
>0
An error occurred.
 

CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS

Default.

The following sections are informative.  

APPLICATION USAGE

Files produced by lex and yacc cause the reordering of line number declarations, and this can confuse cflow. To obtain proper results, the input of yacc or lex must be directed to cflow.  

EXAMPLES

Given the following in file.c:


int i;
int f();
int g();
int h();
int
main()
{
    f();
    g();
    f();
}
int
f()
{
    i = h();
}
The command:


cflow -i x file.c
produces the output:


1 main: int(), <file.c 6>
2    f: int(), <file.c 13>
3        h: <>
4        i: int, <file.c 1>
5    g: <>
 

RATIONALE

None.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

c99, lex, yacc The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, Chapter 8, Environment Variables, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .

Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .


 

Index

PROLOG
NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
OPERANDS
STDIN
INPUT FILES
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS
STDOUT
STDERR
OUTPUT FILES
EXTENDED DESCRIPTION
EXIT STATUS
CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS
APPLICATION USAGE
EXAMPLES
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT


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