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CPIO

Section: User Commands (1)
Index Return to Main Contents

BSD mandoc
MirBSD  

NAME

cpio - copy file archives in and out  

SYNOPSIS

cpio -o [-0AaBcJjLVvZz [-C bytes ] ] [-F archive ] [-H format ] [-M flag ] [-O archive ] name-list [ archive ]
cpio -i [-06BbcdfJjmrSstuVvZz [-C bytes ] ] [-E file ] [-F archive ] [-H format ] [-I archive ] [-M flag ] [pattern ... ] [ archive ]
cpio -p [-0adLlmuVv destination-directory ] name-list  

DESCRIPTION

The \*(nm command copies files to and from a cpio archive.

The options are as follows:

-0
Use the NUL (`\0' ) character as a pathname terminator, instead of newline (`\n' ) This applies only to the pathnames read from standard input in the write and copy modes, and to the pathnames written to standard output in list mode. This option is expected to be used in concert with the -print0 function in find(1) or the -0 flag in xargs(1).
-o
Create an archive. Reads the list of files to store in the archive from standard input, and writes the archive on standard output.

-A
Append to the specified archive.
-a
Reset the access times on files that have been copied to the archive.
-B
Set block size of output to 5120 bytes.
-C bytes
Set the block size of output to bytes
-c
Use ASCII format for cpio header for portability.
-F archive
Use the specified file as the input for the archive.
-H format
Write the archive in the specified format. Recognised formats are:

ar
Unix Archiver.
bcpio
Old binary cpio format. Selected by -6
cpio
Old octal character cpio format. Selected by -c
sv4cpio
SVR4 hex cpio format.
sv4crc
SVR4 hex cpio format with checksums. This is the default format for creating new archives.
tar
Old tar format.
ustar
POSIX ustar format.
""
bin
These four formats...
crc
...are supported...
newc
...for backwards...
odc
...compatibility only.

-J
Use the xz utility to compress the archive.
-j
Use the bzip2 utility to compress the archive.
-L
Follow symbolic links.
-M flag
Configure the archive normaliser. flag is either a numeric value compatible to strtonum(3) which is directly stored in the flags word, or one of the following values, optionally prefixed with ``no-'' to turn them off:

inodes
0x0001: Serialise inodes, zero device info.
(cpio, sv4cpio, sv4crc)
links
0x0002: Store content of hard links only once.
(cpio, sv4cpio, sv4crc)
mtime
0x0004: Zero out the file modification time.
(ar, cpio, sv4cpio, sv4crc, ustar)
uidgid
0x0008: Set owner to 0:0 (root:wheel).
(ar, cpio, sv4cpio, sv4crc, ustar)
verb
0x0010: Debug this option.
debug
0x0020: Debug file header storage.
lncp
0x0040: Extract hard links by copy if link fails.
numid
0x0080: Use only numeric uid and gid values.
(ustar)
gslash
0x0100: Append a slash after directory names.
(ustar)
set
0x0003: Keep ownership and mtime intact.
dist
0x008B: Clean everything except mtime.
norm
0x008F: Clean everything.
root
0x0089: Clean owner and device information.

When creating an archive and verbosely listing output, these normalisation operations are not reflected in the output, because they are made only after the output has been shown.

This option is only implemented for the ar, cpio, sv4cpio, sv4crc, and ustar file format writing routines.

-O archive
Use the specified file name as the archive to write to.
-V
Print a dot (`.' ) for each file written to the archive.
-v
Be verbose about operations. List filenames as they are written to the archive.
-Z
Use the compress(1) utility to compress the archive.
-z
Use the gzip(1) utility to compress the archive.

-i
Restore files from an archive. Reads the archive file from standard input and extracts files matching the patterns that were specified on the command line.

-6
Process old-style cpio format archives.
-B
Set the block size of the archive being read to 5120 bytes.
-b
Do byte and word swapping after reading in data from the archive, for restoring archives created on systems with a different byte order.
-C bytes
Read archive written with a block size of bytes
-c
Expect the archive headers to be in ASCII format.
-d
Create any intermediate directories as needed during restore.
-E file
Read list of file name patterns to extract or list from file
-F archive , -I archive
Use the specified file as the input for the archive.
-f
Restore all files except those matching the patterns given on the command line.
-H format
Read an archive of the specified format. Recognised formats are:

ar
Unix Archiver.
bcpio
Old binary cpio format.
cpio
Old octal character cpio format.
sv4cpio
SVR4 hex cpio format.
sv4crc
SVR4 hex cpio format with checksums.
tar
Old tar format.
ustar
POSIX ustar format.
""
bin
These four formats...
crc
...are supported...
newc
...for backwards...
odc
...compatibility only.

-J
Use the xz utility to decompress the archive.
-j
Use the bzip2 utility to decompress the archive.
-m
Restore modification times on files.
-r
Rename restored files interactively.
-S
Swap words after reading data from the archive.
-s
Swap bytes after reading data from the archive.
-t
Only list the contents of the archive, no files or directories will be created.
-u
Overwrite files even when the file in the archive is older than the one that will be overwritten.
-V
Print a dot (`.' ) for each file read from the archive.
-v
Be verbose about operations. List filenames as they are copied in from the archive.
-Z
Use the compress(1) utility to decompress the archive.
-z
Use the gzip(1) utility to decompress the archive.

-p
Copy files from one location to another in a single pass. The list of files to copy are read from standard input and written out to a directory relative to the specified directory argument.

-a
Reset the access times on files that have been copied.
-d
Create any intermediate directories as needed to write the files at the new location.
-L
Follow symbolic links.
-l
When possible, link files rather than creating an extra copy.
-m
Restore modification times on files.
-u
Overwrite files even when the original file being copied is older than the one that will be overwritten.
-V
Print a dot (`.' ) for each file copied.
-v
Be verbose about operations. List filenames as they are copied.

 

ENVIRONMENT

TMPDIR
Path in which to store temporary files.

 

EXIT STATUS

The \*(nm utility exits with one of the following values:

0
All files were processed successfully.
1
An error occurred.

 

DIAGNOSTICS

Whenever \*(nm cannot create a file or a link when extracting an archive or cannot find a file while writing an archive, or cannot preserve the user ID, group ID, file mode, or access and modification times when the -p option is specified, a diagnostic message is written to standard error and a non-zero exit value will be returned, but processing will continue. In the case where \*(nm cannot create a link to a file, unless -M lncp is given, \*(nm will not create a second copy of the file.

If the extraction of a file from an archive is prematurely terminated by a signal or error, \*(nm may have only partially extracted the file the user wanted. Additionally, the file modes of extracted files and directories may have incorrect file bits, and the modification and access times may be wrong.

If the creation of an archive is prematurely terminated by a signal or error, \*(nm may have only partially created the archive, which may violate the specific archive format specification.  

SEE ALSO

ar(1), pax(1), tar(1)  

AUTHORS

An Keith Muller at the University of California, San Diego. MirOS extensions by An mirabilos Aq m@mirbsd.org .  

CAVEATS

Different file formats have different maximum file sizes. It is recommended that a format such as cpio or ustar be used for larger files.

File format Ta Maximum file size
ar Ta 10 Gigabytes - 1 Byte
bcpio Ta 4 Gibibytes
sv4cpio Ta 4 Gibibytes
cpio Ta 8 Gibibytes
tar Ta 8 Gibibytes
ustar Ta 8 Gibibytes

The backwards-compatible format options are not available in the pax1 front-end.

The -M option is a MirBSD extension, available starting with MirOS Archives written using these options are, however, compatible to the standard and should be readable on any other system. The only option whose behaviour is not explicitly allowed by the standard is hard link unification (write file contens only once) selected by -M 0x0002

The -V option is a GNU extension, available starting with MirOS

The ar file format matches APT repositories and the BSD ar(1) specification, not GNU binutils (which can however read them) or SYSV systems.  

BUGS

The -s and -S options are currently not implemented.

The pax file format is not yet supported.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ENVIRONMENT
EXIT STATUS
DIAGNOSTICS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
CAVEATS
BUGS


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