from small one page howto to huge articles all in one place
 

search text in:





Poll
Which kernel version do you use?





poll results

Last additions:
using iotop to find disk usage hogs

using iotop to find disk usage hogs

words:

887

views:

91166

userrating:

average rating: 1.7 (82 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)


May 25th. 2007:
Words

486

Views

207013

why adblockers are bad


Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels

Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels

words:

161

views:

88561

userrating:

average rating: 1.3 (28 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)


April, 26th. 2006:

Druckversion . pdf icon
You are here: System


ntp is the Network Time Protocol suite.

Installing ntpd

First, make sure ntp/ntpdate are installed. The package is by default installed on Mandrake Linux and Redhat. If you do not have ntp installed you will find packages on your distributions install-cd(s).

On Gentoo Linux, install by typing --- emerge ntp

Configuration files for running ntp as daemon

ntpd manpage

Client Setup

Now, edit the following files:

--- /etc/ntp.conf

The only important thing is that the line contains server some.thing.org.

Example:

--- server ntp.uio.no driftfile /etc/ntp/drift broadcastdelay 0.008 authenticate no ---

Make sure you add ntpd as a boot (init) service.

Gentoo Linux: `rc-update add ntpd default` , `/etc/init.d/ntpd start`

(LAN) Server setup

To run a ntp server to sync the clocks on your lan, edit

--- /etc/ntp.conf

Example:

--- server fartein.ifi.uio.no prefer server ntp.uio.no server ntp.eunet.no

fudge 10.0.0.50 stratum 10

driftfile /etc/ntp/drift broadcastdelay 0.008

authenticate no ---

fudge tells the server to pass on the correct time to the given network interface. stratum is the level of time servers, 10 being the lowest. You only need a higher number if you will be acting as a public internet timeserver with fast bandwidth.

It makes sence to add a few servers. Select the best as prefer

Make sure you add ntpd as a boot (init) service.

Gentoo Linux: `rc-update add ntpd default` , `/etc/init.d/ntpd start`

Firewalls

ntp uses port 123, both UDP and TCP. Make sure this port is not blocked by a firewall.

If you are using iptables, you can open this port with

--- $IPTABLES -A INPUT -j ACCEPT -p tcp --dport 123

Known valid and working ntp servers

server adress Location
ntp.ipv6.viagenie.qc.ca IPV6 ONLY
clock.via.net
server fartein.ifi.uio.no Norway
server ntp.uio.no Norway
server ntp.eunet.no Norway
ntp.demon.co.uk UK
ntp.nasa.gov USA
bigben.cac.washington.edu USA
time-b.nist.gov USA
montpelier.ilan.caltech.edu USA
nist1.aol-ca.truetime.com USA
nist1.datum.com USA
time-a.timefreq.bldrdoc.gov USA
time-b.timefreq.bldrdoc.gov USA
time-c.timefreq.bldrdoc.gov USA
time.nist.gov USA
utcnist.colorado.edu USA
tick.usno.navy.mil USA
tock.usno.navy.mil USA
mizbeaver.udel.edu USA

Server List

Setting the clock at boot or using cron

I good idea is _not_ to run the ntpd daemon on clients as it uses about 1,7 MB memory, unless you are a server or have a box with a broken clock. Many boxes clocks do drift along on their own, a check every hour or day is generally a good idea.

rdate

rdate is a simple 3 kB tool for syncing the system clock to a server. It's options are `-p` to print the date on the given server, `-s` to set the system clock according to it (must be done as root) and `-u` to use the UDP protocol. Example:

`rdate -p sntp.lth.se`

rdate manual page

clockspeed

clockspeed is a very small tool for setting the clock and is, for clients, a much better alternative than installing the 4+ MB ntp package.

cron & ntp

You can simply add ntpdate as a cron job every now and then:

--- echo 'ntpdate -b server.dot.com' > /etc/cron.hourly/time.cron --- chmod a+x /etc/cron.hourly/time.cron

Most distributions come with a cron. dcron and Vixie cron are nice.

Gentoo & ntp-client

You can set the clock using ntp at boot (without starting the daemon) on Gentoo Linux by editing:

--- /etc/conf.d/ntp-client

The file should contain:

--- NTPDATE_CMD="ntpdate" NTPDATE_OPTS="-b your.server.here" ---

Then add ntp-client to the services started at boot:

--- rc-update add ntp-client default

You can check what services are started at boot with `rc-status`.


Page source:

Copyright (c) 2000-2004 Øyvind Sæther. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".


rate this article:
current rating: average rating: 1.0 (48 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)
Your rating:
Very good (1) Good (2) ok (3) average (4) bad (5) terrible (6)

back
Support this site

Please read "Why adblockers are bad".



Other free services
toURL.org
Shorten long
URLs to short
links like
http://tourl.org/2
tourl.org
.
Reverse DNS lookup
Find out which hostname(s)
resolve to a
given IP or other hostnames for the server
www.reversednslookup.org
rdf newsfeed | rss newsfeed | Atom newsfeed
- Powered by LeopardCMS - Running on Gentoo -
Copyright 2004-2013 Sascha Nitsch Unternehmensberatung UG(haftungsbeschränkt)
Valid XHTML1.1 : Valid CSS : buttonmaker
- Level Triple-A Conformance to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 -
- Copyright and legal notices -
Time to create this page: 4.3 ms